Over the years, even the most expensive bath may acquire an undesirable gray or yellowish tint. To get rid of it and give plumbing a new look, you should choose the right cleaning strategy.
For each type of bathroom, an individual cleaning agent is selected that is most suitable for its composition. Practice shows that enameled baths are most effectively cleaned of plaque with mild alkaline products - from granny lemon juice and baking soda to Asian organic gels that do not contain acids, chlorine, and large particles of abrasive. Quarille, acrylic, old man instantly get rid of the undesirable shade of soapy water or polishing with a felt cloth slightly moistened in a polish.
Design models made of stone, glass, wood, brass suggest a more individual approach to cleaning and care, because they are custom-made and may have operational nuances. More affordable, mainstream models presented in the plumbing and construction stores and markets, are made of cast marble, synthetic materials, quarian and old man, acrylic, or cast iron or enamelled steel. The strategy of cleansing the bath of yellowness and limescale, as well as other types of pollution will depend on the material from which it is made.
Cleaning the bathroom at home is easy, affordable and quick. Our detailed educational program will tell you how to act in a given situation, how to get rid of rust, limescale and altered shade, and give recommendations on how to extend the age of sanitary ware
Enamel bath cleaning and care
The most common type of bath is made of stainless steel or cast iron, topped with colored enamel. The top layer is durable and wear-resistant, so this type of plumbing for decades has been popular among the general population. Steel bathrooms are more warm and comfortable to use, while cast-iron ones have an almost infinite shelf life, but they take longer to warm up.
But enameled models over time can lose the appearance of newly purchased items, become covered with small cracks on the top layer and rust stains, in addition to such a common defect as erasing enamel. In order for a new bath to last as long as possible, it is recommended to follow the simple rules of caring for it:
Before taking a lot of water, it is rinsed with water at room temperature so that microcracks do not appear on the enamel due to the temperature difference.
After each bath or shower, the surface of the product should be washed with a soft cloth or sponge, and in case of heavy contamination you can rub it with the harder side of the sponge. Metal scrapers, sponges and brushes are strictly prohibited to use.
Any agent containing alkali is suitable for washing enamel: baking soda, dishwashing liquid, etc. It can be both liquid and dry, in the form of powder - as you like. Creamy or gel cleaning solutions perfectly cope with pollution: "CIF", "Pemolux", Fini, Frosch, "Clean House" made in Japan and CJ Lion "Chamgreen" with charcoal extract.
To remove particularly difficult stains, a weak acid solution is used, using citric or oxalic acid.
It is not recommended to wash clothes in the bathroom, because surfactants, stain removers and bleaches with bleach content worsen the enamel condition.
Folk bath cleaners
You can clean the enamel from surface contamination using a sponge and simple baking soda, but to get rid of difficult plaque will need a more effective tool.
For this you need: lemon juice, half a glass of water, 1 tsp. vodka, 4 tsp. glycerin, 50 g of soap. The soap base for the product is rubbed down to fine chips on a float, poured with water and put into a water bath, stirring. You should get a homogeneous mass of creamy texture. Natural lemon juice is poured into it, glycerin and vodka are added and mixed again. The resulting soap means is used to treat the entire surface of the bath, clean it with the abrasive side of the sponge, leave it for 10 minutes, then wash it off with water.
What can not be cleaned enamel?
Despite the strength of such baths, they can very quickly lose their marketable appearance if:
To get rid of dirt and plaque with metal sponges for dishes, brushes, abrasive cleaning powders. Microcracks and scratches on the surface will instantly be filled with dirt, which will be very hard to clean.
Use products containing chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, a large amount of citric or acetic acid, as well as more aggressive acids of any type - hydrochloric, phosphoric, formic, orthophosphoric, sulfuric.
It is often affected by contrasting temperatures. First rinse the bath with warm water, then pour hot. For filling with cold water after the hot pre-product is cooled.
When can acids and chlorine-containing agents be used?
If the bathroom is already several decades old, in the near future it will be replaced by a new thing, and before the renovation you want to pamper yourself with the snow-white view of the bathroom.
If the water supplied to the house, is very hard and contributes to the formation of rusty plaque.
In the case when another apartment is rented or purchased, where other people used to live. For disinfection can be used strong acid-containing agents. Any of the line "Domestos", "Silit", "Adrilan", "Sanelit" and chlorine bleach in white packaging will help out for the first time. But it is worth remembering that this is an extreme measure.
Why not use acid?
Different cleansing substances have a different purpose and composition. What is suitable for a metal kitchen sink is not suitable for steel enameled bath and vice versa. Enamels are destroyed from the effects of acids very quickly, and if citric acid in a weak solution does not have a special destructive effect, then, say, a solution of hydrochloric acid can destroy the enamel literally after the first cleaning.
The enamel itself, which covers the bath, is applied to its surface and burned at a temperature of more than 1000 ° C to become hard and durable. It consists of a large amount of feldspar, salts of boric acid, crystalline quartz, fluorspar, soda, titanium oxide and nitrate, which instantly react with the acids and as a result enamel is destroyed.
Attribute modern bathroom design - plumbing, made of acrylic. This lightweight, easy-to-care, warm and silent material has gained popularity among the broad masses of the population. Acrylic baths have a relatively low price, a shelf life of up to 20 years, beautiful appearance and the ability to design any design that will be optimal for both small rooms and large ones.
For daily maintenance of plumbing, you just need to rinse the bathroom with a shower nozzle with warm water and wipe dry with a hydrophilic sponge or water-absorbing microfiber cloth. If there is a small plaque, then you should equip yourself with a sponge and liquid soap, or a dishwashing detergent with a mild composition.
Experts recommend using household products such as:
- "Akrilan Bagi" (Israel);
- Tim Profi (Russia);
- Mr. Chister (Russia);
- Triton AcrylicCleaner (Russia);
- "MrMuscle expert for bathroom 5 in 1" (Ukraine);
- Sun Klin (Ukraine);
- RAVAK Cleaner (Czech Republic);
- Lion Look (Japan).
Of folk remedies, a simple disposable solution based on liquid soap, soda and glycerin, mixed with each other in a ratio of 10: 10: 3, is recommended. The components are mixed, you can add a couple of drops of essential oil for flavoring and disinfection (jasmine, rose, lavender, lemon + tea tree, fir, pine). The product is applied to a bathtub pre-moistened with warm water, wait 10 minutes for maximum exposure, rub lightly and rinse. The cleaned bath is wiped from water with a microfiber cloth.
Probiotic-based acrylic bath products
Solutions and powders without aggressive substances, chlorine, acids and alkalis are optimal for cleaning the surface of the baths. To extend the shelf life of products, the solutions include environmentally friendly and organic components, in particular enzymes and spores of symbiotic bacteria. These little helpers help to push out harmful bacteria and pathogens from the surface of the bath, as well as gradually remove organic debris, dirt and grease. This product is absolutely safe for humans and does not cause allergic reactions. It is believed that the only drawback of such funds is overpriced. You can safely buy funds from the brands Green Pin, Lion, Probiotic, Biotos, Chrisal Sanitary Cleaner, ECOVER, BINATEC.
What can not be cleaned acrylic
Acrylics can also be quite sensitive to rough mechanical cleaning or chemicals. What is strictly prohibited to use to clean the surface of the bathroom?
First, abrasive powders, brushes, sponges and any metal products that may scratch. In these small gaps will accumulate any dirt, which, in addition to the disgusting appearance, will be an ideal breeding ground for bacteria.
Secondly, any acid or chlorine-containing substances. They leave turbid stains and can make the bathroom material more fragile. It is also not recommended to use ammonia and ammonia based ammonia.
Thirdly, we should forget about the folk myth that boiling water will wash off any dirt. Not in the case of an acrylic bath, which from high temperatures can change color, deform or lose glossy shine. And in general there is advice for the future: it is impossible to pour boiling water into such bathrooms, even if it is a tasteless tea. For these purposes, there is a drain hole in the sink.
When purchasing acrylic bath cleaner, you need to carefully read the information on the label. Alcohol, ammonia, acids, alkalis, formaldehyde should not be present in the composition.
Old Man's Bathroom: Care Features
Starylan synthetic material from Kaldewei is durable and of high quality. The bathroom made according to this template will consist of a durable steel body with top acrylic coating. It combines the advantages of enamelled and acrylic plumbing, is notable for its noiseless when filled with water, heat capacity, pleasant to the touch surface, smooth and shiny.
To clean this bathroom, you need to use special cleaners in the form of liquid solutions or abrasive powders that are soluble in water. Also, any suitable means for the purification of acrylic.
What is not recommended to do? The most categorical "no" - soaking clothes right in the bath. This can be fraught with the destruction of the upper acrylic layer and the deterioration of the appearance of the bathroom. And stain removers containing chlorine, can leave forever ugly stains.
An old-fashioned bathtub that has lost its original glossy shine may again become like a new one, if it is treated with a soft cloth dipped in polishes. Also suitable means Vega, Acryl-Star, CramerReparatur-Set-import production and domestic "Samodelkin."
To create designer baths in modern production used composite material from the company Villeroy & Boch called quary, consisting of acrylic and quartz sand. The main advantage of this material is durability, high quality and plasticity, thanks to which it is possible to produce baths with various types of sides, even plumb. The material is intended only for the production of baths. The specificity of care is the same as that of ordinary acrylic.
For special design projects, bathrooms are purchased plumbing from polymer concrete, it is also cast marble. Due to its properties and composition of marble chips, natural dyes, acrylic resin and quartz sand, it can imitate the appearance of onyx, dolomite, granite, marble, malachite, coral and other exotic natural materials from which it is impossible to make a real bath. special dyes.
Such baths are very critical of aggressive detergents and abrasive powders, therefore, require competent care without any kinks. After taking a bath or shower, rinse the surface of the product with clean water and wipe it with a soft cloth. Every week you need to wash the bath with a sponge with soapy water, so that limescale and greasy film from dirt do not have time to enter the surface.
For the care of the bathroom of artificial marble are best suited Spec. artificial marble care products: Vega, Acryl-Star, CramerReparatur-Set, Akemi, Mellerud, HG. You can also purchase a special polishing paste for polymer concrete or automotive polish.
If cracks and scratches appear on the surface of the bathroom, you don’t have to repair them yourself, but just entrust the responsible business to professionals by calling the craftsmen to the house.
Sometimes chipping may appear on the surface. It is annoying, but correctable: you need to degrease this place with acetone and fill the voids with gelcoat mixed with hardener, and remove the remains with a rubber spatula. It remains only to gently sand and polish the damaged area and the bath will be like new.
Universal ways to clean the bathroom from rust
The appearance of the product and durability will depend even on the correctness of the installation during the repair, therefore, for the prevention of the occurrence of rust spots, the plumbing equipment is installed so that the bath is level and the sides are at the same level. If you do otherwise, the water will not flow to the side of the drain, provoking the appearance of yellowish and frankly rusty spots.
What if erosion has already touched your beloved bath? To clean the rust from enamel, it is recommended to use weak acid solutions, but carefully and carefully, so as not to damage the rest of the enamel. For the destruction of rust stains, it is better to use sparing agents specifically designed for enamel and composite materials. Suitable CillitBang, gel Sanoks, Comet with the effect of "anti-rust", a line of German bath products Frosch, BathAcid. In addition, they can be used to combat fungus and mold, and as a disinfector. Rubber gloves are worn on the hands while the bathroom is being treated, it is better to wear a cloth mask on your face and glasses to cover your eyes.
Of the popular methods of dealing with mold you can apply the three most effective
The tool №1
Our grandmothers also used this method to clean plumbing from various types of pollution. The preparation method is simple: 100 gr. wine vinegar and 2 tbsp. l sea salt is stirred, heated in a strong vessel to 60 ° C and applied to areas with rust. The exposure time of the active substance is 20 minutes, after which the place is rubbed a little with a soft sponge and washed thoroughly with water. Instead of wine vinegar can be used and apple.
The tool №2
A common way to get rid of rust stains on enamel is oxalic acid, which is the most gentle effect, although it is still quite an aggressive method for enamel. For a cardinal cleaning of the bathroom from rust, oxalic acid diluted with water is taken, which is applied directly to the stain with a synthetic brush. After 5–10 minutes, rust rusting acid is washed off and the result is assessed. If the result is unsatisfactory, you can repeat the application of the agent and increase the exposure time.
The tool №3
Bathtub can return a second life, if you resort to this method of cleaning from rust. On the selected spot is applied a paste of soda ash or sodium soda which is left for half an hour for exposure. The alkaline composition of soda copes with erosion, so after the first application you can get a positive result. At the end of the soda is washed off with warm water.
Remove rust from acrylic
Even the newest acrylic bathtub in the absence of care and improper operation risks rusting, so before making a purchase you need to check the quality of the material, and buying a new purchase, monitor the quality of water and care for the bathroom surface. It should be remembered that high-quality acrylic and quartiles are not subject to such erosion and do not begin to turn yellow.
To clean the surface from plaque or get rid of rust stains, use sparing means "Mr. Chister", "SunClean", Triton AcrylicCleaner, Frosch. They are suitable for acrylic, quarian, old man and cast marble.
To remove limescale from acrylic will require citric acid. The bag is dissolved in warm water (200 ml) and evenly applied to the plumbing surface. You can take a sponge or synthetic cloth for application. Half an hour is enough for exposure, after which you can rinse the bath and rub the surface to clean off any dirt and cleanser.
Cleaning and disinfecting a whirlpool bath
Джакузи и ванна с гидромассажем - очень приятный и стильный атрибут современной ванной. К сожалению, и такая сантехника подвержена загрязнению, причём не только поверхности, но и гидромассажные форсунки. Для стабильной работы ванной нужно примерно раз в неделю проводить очистку и дезинфекцию гидромассажных форсунок. The bath is filled with water until the hydromassage jets are closed, any solution for cleaning is added according to the instructions. The hydromassage is turned on for 20 minutes so that the water can wash out the pollution. Dirty water drained, typed clean. You need to turn on the hydromassage again to get rid of the remnants of lime and cleaning agent.