A kitchen is a place where every woman spends a fairly large amount of her time and who, if not she, needs to know what bad habits and such familiar habits to all of us can provoke the growth of bacteria and pathogenic microflora, which are dangerous for health and life in general. To protect yourself and your loved ones, you just need to get rid of bad kitchen habits and live peacefully.
Do not follow the rules of hygiene when cooking meat
About half of the meat comes to us dirty, because it was processed in a store or on the market. In addition, one sick chicken can infect thousands of others with salmonella or E. coli. In the process of cooking, they die, but you need to be careful while working with raw meat: during the cooking process you can accidentally transfer harmful microorganisms to other products. For meat, separate cutting boards and dishes should be used. In addition, you must carefully monitor the cleanliness of the hands and wash them every time after touching the raw meat.
Do not use extra containers when storing meat.
So just put the meat on the shelf of the refrigerator in the usual cling film. However, the juice that is released from the meat may contain a huge number of microorganisms, including salmonella and E. coli. Without additional storage capacity, juice can easily get onto vegetables and fruits stored on the bottom shelf. Even worse, when raw meat is heavily frozen, more moisture is released from it. Therefore, experts recommend to purchase separate storage tanks for meat.
Wrong care for cutting boards
There are probably knife scratches on your cutting board. This is a great place to accumulate bacteria and other microorganisms. And they fall on everything you put on the board. After cutting the raw meat, it must be properly disinfected. Of course, dishwashing detergent fights bacteria, but once a week the board should be properly sanitized with a special agent.
Use the sponge for too long
Dishwashing sponge is an excellent moist and warm breeding ground for bacteria. And they can live in it for weeks - to quickly find out what hurt the house a month ago, you can just take a sponge for analysis. No need to wait until your sponge has a bad smell, change them once a month or even more often.
Do not wash the sink bottom
People often forget about the bottom of the sink, and this is one of the dirtiest places in the kitchen. Bacteria and microorganisms can live in it for weeks. Once a week it is necessary to clean the sink with a disinfectant or fill it with water and bleach.
Wash the sink with a dirty sponge
It is better not to wipe the sink with a sponge. Use a special spray, paper towels or a clean cloth that can be easily washed.
Rarely change and care for the dishwashing brush
Brushes are certainly better than sponges, but food particles can also accumulate in them. Rinse before washing the dishes with a brush. Once a week carefully handle the brush with special tools. If you notice pink spots on it, it should be replaced or well sanitized - surely serratia marcescens bred on your brush.
Cook during illness
Would you like to eat in a restaurant where the chef suffers from stomach problems? Hardly. Cooking during illness, especially if you have gastrointestinal diseases, is undesirable; it is better to stay away from the kitchen at this time. In the extreme case, thoroughly wipe all surfaces, door handles and switches with disinfectant solution and wash your hands with antibacterial soap.
Wrong food storage
At room temperature, the food left after 2 hours turns into a hotbed for bacteria that easily cause poisoning and intestinal upset. This does not apply to bread and fresh produce. We are talking about casseroles, soups, dairy products. It is risky to leave mayonnaise and other sauces that contain raw yolks - they can be Salmonella bacteria. Keep food and food properly stored.
Putting hot dishes in the fridge
Before you put the food in the refrigerator, it is better to wait until it cools, or put it in a container. Many people are lazy and put in a fridge the pans covered with foil, not realizing that this way the food will cool much more slowly and bacteria can multiply in it.
Inattention to treat expiration dates
Shelf life tells us at what point the number of pathogenic bacteria will be sufficient to cause the disease. Therefore, you should carefully study the labels and packaging. As for raw meat, it can be stored for 3-4 days, but it can deteriorate even earlier - it all depends on the conditions of its storage in the store.
Forget to rinse vegetables and herbs
Sand or dirt in the products will not hurt you, what can not be said about pathogenic microorganisms that may be in the places of food storage. There are bacteria that breed well at low temperatures. For example, Listeria. They can cause serious illness. One leaf of lettuce infected with E. coli can ruin the whole batch.
Allow the cat to go wherever it wants
Cats are adorable, but they can carry dirt from the dustbin to the table where you cook and eat, and with it pathogens - for example, toxoplasma, which are not dangerous for them, but harmful to humans, especially for pregnant women, how to cause birth defects of the fetus. Try to keep the cat away from the kitchen or carefully wipe the surface where it jumped.
Keep food in the refrigerator for too long
This is a common mistake. Even if having lain in the fridge for a week, the food looks and smells normal, it does not mean that it is safe. Not all bacteria contribute to the smell. If the food before you put it in the fridge lay on the table for a long time, it will surely spoil faster. If in doubt, whether to eat it, it is better to just throw it in the trash.
Use one hand towel and dishes
Towel can be another distributor of bacteria and microorganisms. It is necessary to hang 2 towels in the kitchen: separately for hands and for dishes. Once every 1-2 weeks they should be washed and ironed thoroughly.
Not washing your hands often
Every time you are in the kitchen and cooking, especially meat and fish, it is important to wash your hands before and after. When warming up your dinner, make sure your hands are clean. Buy antibacterial soap and do not forget about it. Just think about dinner in a restaurant where the chef forgot to wash his hands.