Almost all of us have indoor plants. They create comfort in the house, give positive emotions, purify the air, and some even serve as amulets.
But indoor flowers are often affected by pests and no one is immune from this. Often, uninvited guests start up in flower pots - small unpleasant midges. In your colors also appeared flower midge? How to get rid of it at home, tell this publication.
Flower midge in the apartment: the reasons for the appearance
When it comes to flower midges, the insects of the Sciaride family are meant. They are also called leaf mosquitoes or black flies. This family covers more than 1,700 representatives, but only a few varieties are made in apartment conditions.
Flower midges on the photo:
Flower midges (sciarides) are small black insects resembling a miniature mosquito with a length of up to 3 mm. The body is narrow, elongated, round head with sucking oral organs. There are a pair of front wings, they are completely transparent. Rear pair of wings transformed into halter Insects fly well, in favorable conditions, quickly multiply by laying eggs in the rhizome of plants.
Sciaride females do not damage the plant, but often become a source of infectious and viral diseases. But the larvae can eat the root system of flowers, causing their death.
On a note! Sometimes there are white midges in flower pots. In fact, they are whiteflies. This is a gray aphid infecting the leaves of indoor and garden plants.
The appearance of midges in flower pots is most often caused by inadequate care of the plants. Here are the most common causes of insects:
- Excessive watering. In hot weather, trying to pour water over the pot so that the plant does not wilt, we inflict severe damage to it. The fact is that the soil is too wet - a paradise for midges and their larvae. Therefore, it is necessary in every way to prevent overflow. It is better to water more often, but gradually, than to conduct a one-time and very abundant watering. It is enough to let the soil dry for at least 1 cm between watering and midges will not appear. It is also possible to bring a flower midge, stopping watering for several days: all insects will die as soon as the ground dries out.
- Airing and drafts. In this case, it is impossible to prevent the penetration of ill-fated insects into the apartment, because they can easily fly through the window. But proper watering will not give the midges to lay eggs, because they will not survive in dry ground.
- Fertilizing folk remedies. Introduction of tea leaves, coffee grounds, meat water and other foodstuffs into the ground is a direct path to the mass reproduction of midges, and not only floral but also fruit midge that can fly throughout the apartment can appear. Therefore, it is better not to use such fertilizers in flat conditions, in order not to look for ways to get rid of flower midges.
- Poor soil. If it has not been properly disinfected, or if the process of decay of humus in its composition has not been completed, the midges willingly start laying eggs in it. It is noteworthy that in such a situation, even the establishment of watering and processing plants with special means does not give a positive result. The best way out is to transfer the flower to a new, quality ground.
- Infection of flowers with new plants. Buying a new flower, you are always at risk for the rest of the plants in the house. You can easily bring the infected plant into the house without even knowing it. Therefore, you need to keep the purchased flower in quarantine for at least two weeks.
Midges in a flower pot: what to do?
As soon as you notice at least one midge in a flowerpot, immediately proceed to action. These insects multiply rapidly and infect all domestic flowers. Replacing the soil, treatment with insecticides and the use of folk methods helps to overcome the attack.
Getting rid of the flower fly by replacing the soil
- If the midges are bred in a flower pot, first of all transplant the plant: this will destroy the eggs in the soil.
- For transplant use quality soil. It must be heated in the oven for disinfection.
- If possible, use a soil with a weakly acid reaction (acidic soil is not suitable for all plants!). The midges are not able to multiply in an acidic environment, but they willingly lay their eggs in alkaline soil.
- During transplantation, do not overload the rhizome together with the earthy clod. Try to carefully clean the roots from the ground to remove the larvae of the stearid as much as possible.
- To prevent re-laying eggs do not water the transplanted plant for 2-3 days. It will also lead to the death of the larvae on the roots of the flower.
- If the transplantation and the establishment of irrigation did not work, and the flower midges began to multiply again, it is necessary to proceed to the treatment with insecticides.
Chemicals against black flies in flower pots
Flower insects are effectively destroyed by most inorganic insecticides. These may be sprays, prepared solutions or powders for dilution. The range of these funds is wide, so choosing the right option is easy.
For the treatment of the entire premises and the plants themselves, it is better to use sprays. They are quite toxic, so the spray is carried out only with gloves and a mask. It is forbidden to process the premises where there is food. If it is possible, it is better to take the pots outside and process them there. At home, you can use the usual dichlorvos: Raid, Raptor, Heo, and others.
Important! All insecticide sprays are active against most insects, so they quickly destroy flower midges. The main thing is not to inhale these drugs in order not to harm their health.
Solutions are also useful: Actellic, Aktara, Fitoverm, etc. All these insecticides are very toxic to humans, and therefore should be used in accordance with the instructions. It is necessary to strictly adhere to the method of their cultivation, work in gloves, do not inhale vapors of the solution.
Important! After using an insecticide from flower midges, it is advisable not to water the flower for three days in order not to reduce its effectiveness.
Flower midges: how to get rid of folk remedies
Of course, all folk methods of destroying blackflies have their right to life, but one should not expect high efficiency from them. They are significantly inferior in performance to professional insecticides, so their use is justified in exceptional cases, for example, when at the moment there is no possibility to buy a chemical agent or you have noticed the midges in a timely manner and they have not yet had time to completely hit the plant.
If you are not a supporter of chemical insecticides, but your flowers hit flower midges, how to deal with the pest will tell folk recipes:
- Prepare a pale solution of potassium permanganate, pour a large pot of water in order to completely moisten the soil. It should be borne in mind that too high a concentration of the solution will burn the root system of the plant.
- Fresh citrus peel (lemon, grapefruit, mandarin) stick in the pot in several places. As the aroma evaporates, change the rind in the ground. From the aroma of the midges will die. The same effect has chives and tobacco.
- Stick 5-10 matches with a sulfur head down into the soil, then pour the pot. Check the matches daily and replace them with new ones when sulfur ends. The course of treatment is 7-10 days.
- Conduct watering with a solution of household soap, and also once a couple of days, spray them above-ground part of the flower.
- Another effective way to destroy the flower midge, cook garlic infusion. Cut three garlic heads, connect them with a liter of water, let it stand for 4 days. Then spray and water the plant with this tool every two days until the blackflies are completely destroyed.
- Spread adhesive tape around the flowerpot to destroy the adult midge. Fertilize the soil with wood ash to destroy their larvae.
- Crush one crayon from cockroaches, send the powder to the soil, spend watering.
How to make a flower black fly trap
The easiest way to buy a finished device, for example, Raptor. Special liquid attracts black flies, and they stick to a certain area covered with glue. But this method of catching midges is not suitable if there are children and allergies in the house, so you have to build self-made traps.
We offer you do-it-yourself options for traps:
- Pour 200 ml of apple cider vinegar into a glass container, cover the container with a lid and make small holes in it. The midges will attract the smell of vinegar and they will fall into the jar, but they will not be able to get out of it.
- Cut the plastic bottle in half. Insert the upper segment (with the neck down) into the lower segment: you will have a funnel. Close the joints with paper tape, leaving only the neck open. At the bottom of the bottle do not forget to put a little jam or vinegar.
- Put a teabag in a disposable cup, clog the cup with cling film, make a few punctures with a thick game.
- Pour red wine into any plastic container, filling the container volume by 2/3. There also pour 10 g of liquid soap. The midges will fly to the smell of wine, but they will not be able to get out of the liquid: they will paralyze their wings.
Midges in the ground in flower pots: preventive measures
Reproduction of midges is easy to prevent, if you do not neglect the prevention:
- For planting flowers, use a good soil with its preliminary disinfection.
- Provide flowers with watering in accordance with the rules of agrotechnology of each plant species.
- Do not forget to maintain the friability of the soil, so that oxygen reaches the rhizome of the flower. If there is not enough drainage in the pot, correct this defect.
- Do not water the plants with questionable fertilizers and folk remedies.
Finding midges in the flower ground, do not worry, because there are many methods available for getting rid of pests. Choose the one that is easiest for you to put into practice, and after removing black flies strictly adhere to the rules of growing indoor plants in order to prevent uninvited guests.