Trouble happens: for example, you / children / pets put a spot on your favorite sofa or carpet.
If emergency measures with the cleaning agent at hand did not help, then the stain can be classified as “difficult to remove” - it is with them that we will fight in this article.
If you have not yet encountered difficult spots and are reading this article, because “forewarned is armed”, you can still take protective measures. For example, purchase a sofa / chair with a removable cover or make a cover to order for existing upholstered furniture. It is important that the fabric is dense, better even with waterproof impregnation or a separate protective layer, but at the same time suitable for washing in a typewriter.
Get a waterproof mattress to the sleeping area: if something is spilled, you will have to wash only the bedding and mattress topper, and the mattress will remain clean. For carpets, the main recommendation is to choose a color on which stains will not be so noticeable if they are not displayed until the end.
Before you treat the stain, prepare it: spill liquid must be collected with a sponge or paper towel from the edges to the center, and scrape the dried stain with something. The solutions necessary for removal are most conveniently poured into a spray bottle; they can also be applied with a sponge.
No need to rub hard - you can rub the stain deeper into the fabric or cause mechanical damage to the surface. Lightly rub, leave the product for 10-15 minutes, rub again and rinse. Repeat a couple of times, if not helped immediately. If the stain is old and dried, there is no guarantee that most methods will help at all.
In almost all cases, the stain will need to be dried after lubrication with a solution. You can speed up the drying with a fan, but not with a hairdryer: there is a risk of spoiling the material. Vacuum the dried, treated area to remove residual dirt and cleaning products, as well as odors.
Always wear gloves and open windows before working with caustic liquids (such as ammonia or vinegar).
We remove the spots
Spots of unknown origin
Method 1: half a cup of hydrogen peroxide + 2 tablespoons of baking soda. Mix, shake well before application. Dry and sprinkle with soda.
Method 2: 1 teaspoon mild detergent + 1 teaspoon wine vinegar + 1 liter of warm water. This way you can remove, for example, stains from chocolate, fruits, drinks with dyes and markers.
Acid stains (vinegar, strong detergents)
Water + baking soda, then water + ammonia in a ratio of 10: 1, then rinse with cold water.
Rinse with a solution of washing powder, rinse with cold water, dry with a cloth, then rinse with a solution: dishwashing detergent 1 tsp + wine vinegar 1 tsp + 1 liter of warm water.
Red wine stains
Method 1: Pour white wine, then rinse with cold water and cover with salt for 10 minutes.
Method 2: pour mineral water, then use a universal stain remover solution.
Method 3: cold water + some ammonia.
Stains from iodine
Method 1: grate raw potatoes, put on the stain for 5-7 minutes, rinse with cold water.
Method 2: Sprinkle the stain with baking soda, sprinkle with vinegar, leave for 12 hours, rinse with water.
Method 3: 2 glasses of water + 1 tsp of ammonia. Leave for 10-15 minutes, rinse with soapy water.
Method 1: dishwashing detergent 1 tsp + wine vinegar 1 tsp + 1 liter of cool water.
Method 2: 1 tablespoon of ammonia + two glasses of cold water. Rinse, dry. If the stain has not completely disappeared, use hydrogen peroxide.
Method 1: 1 cup of vinegar + 2 glasses of water.
Method 2: 0.5 teaspoon mild detergent (dishwashing or liquid soap) + 1 liter of cold water. The main thing - to blot the stain, and not to rub.
Tea and coffee stains
We tried to derive these stains by ourselves and are happy to share our experience: "Experiment: folk remedies against coffee and tea stains."
Spots from pens and markers
Method 1: blot the stain with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, ensuring that the cotton swab is clean. Then, if the stain is gone, wash with soapy water. If the stain does not go away, process it with glycerin, and then rinse it.
Method 2: Treat the stain with a hair spray at close range, blotting with a napkin. If the varnish starts to dry, add more varnish. Wash with soapy water.
Wash the stain with soapy water (1 tsp. Mild detergent + 2 glasses of warm water), dry with a paper towel. Then treat the stain with a solution of 1 teaspoon of ammonia + 2 glasses of water. Dry with a towel and apply a solution of vinegar and cold water in a ratio of 1: 2. If the stain is persistent, after drying, rub with hydrogen peroxide.
Cat urine stains
Saturate the dried spot with a solution of vinegar + water in a ratio of 1: 3 and leave for 2-3 hours. Sprinkle the stain with baking soda. Spray a solution of 1 tsp of mild detergent + 1/3 cup of 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide onto soda. To rub a stain, dry, clean the soda with a vacuum cleaner.
If the spot is old, neither the folk remedies nor the chemistry can cope with it, or you are just too lazy to engage in breeding yourself, then use the services of dry cleaning. A small carpet or cover with upholstered furniture can be taken to the dry-cleaner yourself, but large items can be cleaned with the help of visiting specialists.